Italian designer Livio Castiglioni was born in Milan in 1911. He graduated in architecture from the Polytechnic of Milan in 1936 and started working with his brothers Achille Castiglioni and Pier Giacomo Castiglioni. They mainly concentrated on urban planning, architecture and, in particular, industrial design, at a time when the latter was still in its early stages in Italy. From 1940 to 1960 Livio Castiglioni was in fact a consultant first for Phonola and then for Brionvega. In 1956 the three brothers co-founded the Italian Industrial Design Association. He and his son Piero designed the famous Scintilla system for FontanaArte as well as working with Alessi on various projects.